Bedbugs are described as oval, small, brownish insects that survive on the blood of humans or animals. The adult bedbugs are of flat bodies equally to the size of an apple seed. They become reddish and bodies swell up after feeding.
Bedbugs cannot fly, but can quickly move on the floors, walls, and ceilings. The female bedbugs lay even hundreds of eggs, which is about the size of a speck of dust, over a long period of time. Though they are a nuisance and are not thought to transmit diseases.
Where Bedbugs Hide
Bedbugs can easily enter a home undiscovered through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and some other items. Their flattened bodies make it easier for them to fit into tiny spaces, or about the width of a credit card. Bedbugs have no nest like ants or bees but live in the group in hiding places. Their formal hiding places are usually in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they easily bite at night.
Along the line they are scattered through the bedroom, getting to any crevice or secured location. They can also spread to nearby rooms or apartments.
When Bedbugs Bite
Bedbugs are usually active at night and bite people while asleep. They feed by piercing the skin and extracting blood through an elongated beak. They become engorged and crawl away after three to 10minutes feeding without notification. Most bedbugs’ bites are not painful at first but turn to itchy welts later.
Sign if Infestation
When you woke up with an itchy area that you do not have when you went to sleep, it may be bedbugs, especially if you have gotten a used bed or other used furniture around the time at which the bite started. Other signs are:
Blood stains on the sheets or pillowcases, bedbug fecal spots, egg shells, or shed skins in bedbug’s hidden places. An unpleasant, musty odor from the bugs scents glands.
If infestation noticed, remove all bedding and look carefully for signs of the bugs or excrement. You can also check the area around the bed, that include inside books, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpet and even in electrical outlets.
If you are able to find signs of infestation, start steps to get rid of the bugs and prevent them from returning.
Bedbug Treatment and Control
Getting rid of bedbugs start with the cleaning up of places where they reside. This includes the following:
- Clean linens,
- Clothing in warm water and drying,
- Clean bedding.
- Put stuffed animals, shoes and some other materials that cannot be washed in the dryer and allow to run for 30minutes.
- Using a stiff brush,
- Scrub mattress to remove bedbugs and their eggs.
Vacuum the bed and surrounding places frequently and place the vacuum in a cleaner bag and place in a cabbage can outdoor after using. Encase mattress and box spring using a tightly woven, zippered cover to prevent the bugs from entering or escaping. Bedbugs can survive for a year without feeding, therefore keep the cover on your mattress for a year to be sure that all bugs in the mattress are dead. Repair cracks in plaster and also glue down the peeling wallpaper to get rid of places where bedbugs can hide.
Get rid of clutter around the bed. If a mattress is infested, you can get rid of it and buy a new one, but also take care to get rid of the leftover bedbugs in the home or they infest the new mattress.
Cleaning up the infested areas can be helpful in controlling bedbugs, and getting rid of them always requires chemical treatments. Although treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be harmful, and it is expected to use products that can be safe if used in the bedrooms. Do not treat mattresses and bedding with the chemical unless their label instructed their use on them.
Generally, it is best to hire a learned pest control professional for bedbug extermination. These residual insecticides and dusts are labeled to spray and dust mattresses:
- Cimexa Dust
- Bedlam Aerosols
- Crossfire Insecticide
- Crossfire Aerosols
- Temprid Fx Insecticide
- Steri-Fab Bedbug Spray
Dust usually last longer than aerosols, but the crack and crevice tips on the phantom and bedlam aerosol allow it to get into the smallest cracks. It is a perfect suggestion to use a combination of sprays and dusts.
One of the most active processes against bedbug existence is the application of spray residual, Applying residual liquids such as aerosol, dust, insecticides, such as spectre 2SC, CROSS FIRE Aerosol.
Note; using the combination of some of these products for application purpose.
The entire treatment list above must be done 3times, 10 days apart. Bedbugs usually come out to feed every few weeks, so retreatment is important.
Note: The use of foggers of any kind should be avoided because foggers scatter the bedbugs and make work more critical.
Integrated and Alternative Approaches to Bedbug Control
For an alternative or an addition to bedbug control with the use of chemicals, bedbug streamers and heaters have become a highly essential tool in the pest control industry. The use of the streamers and heaters where chemicals sensitivity is an issue, such as hospitals and nursing homes. The streamers also get rid of allergens, bacteria, germs, and viruses.
Monitoring and Trapping Bedbug Infestations
Volcanic monitors: These bedbugs detector can be used with or without the lure to capture bedbugs. The use of the optional lure if a person is absent in the bedroom that is being watched.
Monitors/ traps: they are adhesive traps placed around the bed legs, captures the bedbugs before they can crawl up along the bed leg into the bed.
Bedbug monitor trap: these bedbug monitor traps recreate the position that bedbugs think it’s alright including dark, tight tunneling areas and rough woodsy material. Bedbug will always be found in the small grooves of corrugated boxes, between mattress creases and below wooden furniture.